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Chemical Kuenzanisa Balancer

Dhatabhesi ye10000 yemakemikari maitiro - chemistry maturusi - zvinhu ruzivo

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Tsanangudzo dzekutanga muChemistry

Chii chinonzi Chemical equation?

Chemical Equation imwe nzira yekutsanangura maitiro emakemikari umo zita rechinhu chimwe nechimwe chemakemikari rinotsiviwa nechiratidzo chavo chemakemikari.

MuChemical Equation, museve muratidziro unomiririra iko iko kuitika kwazvinoita. Kune imwe-nzira maitiro, isu ticharatidza nemuseve kubva kuruboshwe kuenda kurudyi. Saka zvinhu kuruboshwe zvichave zvinobatanidzwa, uye iyo kurudyi ndiyo ichave chigadzirwa.

Kuenzanisa Kuenzanisa Tsanangudzo

Chiyero chakaringana chinhu chemakemikari anoita equation mune iyo yakazara mutero uye huwandu hweatomu yechinhu chimwe nechimwe mune inoitika zvakafanana kune ese maanogadziridza uye zvikamu. Mune mamwe mazwi, uremu uye kubhadharisa pamativi ese ekupindura zvakaenzana.

Mienzaniso yekusaenzana uye kuenzanisa kuenzana

Izvo zvinogadziriswa uye zvigadzirwa zvemakemikari maitiro zvakanyorwa mune isina kuenzana chemakemikari equation, asi zviyero zvinodiwa kuzadzisa kuchengetedza kwemasasa hazvina kutaurwa. Iyi equation, semuenzaniso, haina kuenzana maererano nehukuru hwekuita pakati pesimbi oxide uye kabhoni kugadzira iron uye kabhoni dhayokisaidhi:

Fe2O3 + C → Fe + CO2

Sezvo pasina maion pamativi ese eiyo equation, mubhadharo uri pakati nepakati (net neut neutral charge).
Pane iyo inogadziridza chikamu cheiyo equation (kuruboshwe kwemuseve), kune maatomu maviri esimbi, asi imwe chete kudivi rezvigadzirwa (kurudyi kwemuseve). Iwe unogona kuti iyo equation haina kuenzana kunyangwe iwe usinga verenge mamwe mamwe maatomu.
Pamativi ese kuruboshwe nekurudyi kwemuseve, chinangwa chekuenzanisa iyo equation kuwana huwandu hwakaenzana hwerudzi rumwe nerumwe rweatomu. Izvi zvinoitwa nekushandura macompe coefficients (nhamba dzinoiswa pamberi pemafomula emakomponi). Zvinyorwa (zvidiki kurudyi kwemamwe maatomu, simbi neoksijeni mune ino kesi) hazvina kumboshandurwa.

Iyo equation yakaenzana ndeiyi:

2 Fe2O3 + 3 C → 4 Fe + 3 CO2

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Chii chinonzi chemistry?

Cherekedza, zvese zvinoonekwa, kusanganisira miviri yedu, zvinhu. Kune zvinhu zvakasikwa zvakadai semhuka, zvirimwa, nzizi, ivhu ... zvinhu zvakagadzirwa.

Zvinhu zvakasikwa zvine huwandu hwezvinhu zvakasiyana. Uye zvinhu zvakagadzirwa zvinoumbwa nezvinhu. Zvese zvinhu chinhu kana musanganiswa wezvimwe zvinhu. Semuenzaniso: Aluminium, mapurasitiki, girazi, ...

Ndezvipi zvinhu zvavo?

Chinhu chimwe nechimwe chine zvimwe zvinhu: mamiriro kana fomu (yakasimba, mvura, gasi) ruvara, hwema uye kuravira. Kukarukureta kana insoluble mumvura ... Melting poindi, kufashaira nzvimbo, yakatarwa giravhiti, magetsi conductivity, nezvimwe.

Uye kugona kushandurwa kuita zvimwe zvinhu, semuenzaniso, kugona kuora, kumhanya ... ndiwo makemikari zvivakwa.

Chii chinonzi atomu?

Zvinhu zvese zvakaumbwa nezvidiki zvakanyanya, zvemagetsi zvisina kwazvakarerekera kuita maatomu Kune makumi emamirioni ezvinhu zvakasiyana, asi anopfuura zana chete marudzi emaatomu.

Atomu rinoumbwa nenhamba yakanaka inobhadharwa uye goko rinoumbwa neimwe kana anopfuura maerekitironi asina mhosva

Inonyanya kufarirwa equation

Kusanganiswa kwekuita

Iyo inozivikanwawo sey synthesis reaction. Imwe yemhando inowanzoitika yemubatanidzwa maitiro ndeyekuita kwechinhu chine oxygen kuita fomu oxide. Pasi pemamwe mamiriro ezvinhu, simbi uye zvisina masimbi zvese zvinoita nyore neoksijeni. Imwe yatsva, magnesium inopindura nekukurumidza uye zvinoshamisa, ichiita neoksijeni kubva kumhepo kugadzira yakanaka magnesium oxide powder.

CuO + H2O → Cu(OH)2 2VaAl + 3Br2 → 2AlBr3 Cao + H2O → Ca(OH)2 O2 + P2O3 → P2O5 Fe + 2Fe (HAPANA3)3 → 3Fe(NO3)2 2VaAl + 3I2 → 2AlI3 H2O + ZnO → Zn(OH)2 Wona Zvese Kusanganisa kuita

Kuora maitiro

Maitiro mazhinji ekuora anosanganisira kupisa, mwenje, kana magetsi kuisa simba. Binary compounds ndiwo macomputer ane zvinhu zviviri chete. Rudzi rwakareruka rwekupindura pakuora ndepaya panowanikwa bhinari. Mercury (II) oxide, yakasimba tsvuku, inoora kuita mercury uye okisijeni gasi painopisa. Zvakare, maitiro anoonekwa seyekuora maitiro kunyangwe kana chimwe kana zvimwe zvezvigadzirwa zvichiri mubatanidzwa. Simbi carbonate inoputsika kuita simbi oxide uye carbon dioxide gasi. Calcium carbonate semuenzaniso inoora kuita calcium oxide uye carbon dioxide.

2H2O2 → 2H2O + O2 4Al (HAPANA3)3 → 2Al2O3 + 12Hapana2 + 3O2 2CH4 → C.2H2 + 2H2 2KMnO4 → MnO2 + O2 + K2MnO4 2C2H5OH → H2O + C2H5OC2H5 MgCO3 → MgO + CO2 CH4 → C. + 2H2 Wona Zvese Kupora kuita
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Kuchengetedza-kuderedza kugadzirisa

An oxidation-reduction (redox) reaction rudzi rwemakemikari maitiro ayo anosanganisira kuchinjisa maerekitironi pakati pemhando mbiri. An oxidation-kudzikisira kuita chero chemakemikari maitiro umo iyo oxidation nhamba yemorekuru, atomu, kana ion inochinja nekuwana kana kurasikirwa neelectron. Kugadziriswa kweRoxox kwakajairika uye kwakakosha kune mamwe eakakosha mabasa ehupenyu, anosanganisira photosynthesis, kufema, kupisa, uye ngura kana ngura.

Yakashata + 4HNO3 → 2H2O + HERE2 + Fe (HAPANA3)3 C + PbO → CO + Pb Cl2 + H2SO4 + 2FeSO4 → Fe2(SO4)3 + 2HCl Br2 + 2HI → I2 + 2HBr 3CuS + 8HNO3 → 3Cu(NO3)2 + 4H2O + 2Hapana + 3S 2H2O + 2NaCl → Cl2 + H2 + 2NaOH H2O + NaClO + 2Fe (OH)2 → NaCl + 2Fe (OH)3 Wona Zvese Oxidation-kudzikisira kuita

Imwe-kutsiva maitiro

A + BC → AC + B Element A isimbi mune inoitika yakawanda uye inotsiva element B, simbi iri mukomboni zvakare. Kana chinhu chinotsiva chiri chisiri-chesimbi, chinofanira kutsiva imwe isiri yesimbi mukomboni, uye inova yakaenzana equation. Simbi zhinji dzinogadzikana nyore nyore neacids, uye imwe yeanogadzira zvigadzirwa kana vachidaro ihydrogen gasi. Zinc inopindura kune aqueous zinc chloride uye hydrogen ine hydrochloride acid (ona mufananidzo pazasi).

Fe + CuCl2 → Cu + FeCl2 H2SO4 + Na2O2 → H2O2 + Na2SO4 CH4 + Cl2 → CH3Cl + HCI Al (OH)3 + NaOH → 2H2O + NaAlO2 C6H5Cl + 2NaOH → C6H5ONa + H2O + NaCl 2Cl2 + CH2Cl2 → HCL + CHCl3 Mg + ZnCl2 → Zn + MgCl2 Wona Zvese Imwe-yekutsiva maitiro
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Kaviri-kutsiva maitiro

AB + CD → AD + CB A uye C ndeyezvakanaka zvakabhadharwa cations mune ino maitiro, nepo B naD ari asina mhosva akapomerwa anion. Kaviri-kutsiva maitiro anowanzoitika mune aqueous mhinduro pakati pemakomponi. Kukonzera kuita, chimwe chezvigadzirwa chinowanzo kuve chakatsetseka chakatsetseka, gasi, kana chemakemikari semvura. Mafomu anonamatira mune maviri-ekutsiva maitiro kana macations kubva kune imwe reactant achibatanidza kugadzira isonubolle ionic compound pamwe ne anion kubva kune imwe reactant. Iyi inotevera yekuitika inoitika kana aqueous mhinduro ye potassium iodide uye lead (II) nitrate inosanganiswa.

Cu (OH)2 + 2HNO3 → Cu(NO3)2 + 2H2O Cr + 2HCl → H2 + CrCl2 2Na3PO4 + 3CaCl2 → Ca3(ZU4)2 + 6NaCl Cao + H2SO4 → H2O + Nyaya4 3Br2 + C6H5OH → C6H2Br3OH + 3HBr HCI + NaHS → H2S + NaCl BaCl2 + K2SO4 → 2KCl + BaSO4 Wona Zvese zviviri-zvinotsiva mhinduro

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